The Atom Bomb and how it Affected People

What exactly is an Atom Bomb….

The atom bomb is also called a nuclear weapon and the A-Bomb for short. It is a much more powerful device than any conventional bomb containing chemical explosives. Within this bomb is an explosive device in which a large amount of energy is released through nuclear reactions.

This bomb creates a devastating explosive force by the splitting of atoms’ nuclei through a process known as nuclear fission. Now, as not many of us know, nuclear weapons are divided into two types. Namely the fission weapon and the fusion weapon.

Most weapons are fission devices, and they use uranium or plutonium as the fissile fuel. Fusion weapons, which are also called ‘hydrogen bomb’, use a conventional fission bomb to initiate a fusion reaction. This causes a bigger yield when the weapon/bomb detonates.

Images of the ATOM BOMB and the DAMAGE it CREATES

The History of The Atom Bomb

Just before World War 2 started, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to the President, Franklin D. Roosevelt concerning the efforts of Nazi Germany to purify uranium-235 which is used to build an atomic bomb. Einstein wasn’t the only one to inform Roosevelt about this, several other scientist told him the same thing.

It was then when the first atomic bomb was built in Los Alamos during World War 2. This program was called the Manhattan Project with the code-name ‘The Gadget’ during its development. During the period of 1939-1945 (six years) more than 2 billion dollars were spent on this project. Some of the greatest minds of our time was working on the formulas for refining uranium and putting together a working bomb, which includes J. Robert Oppenheimer.

July 16th, 1945, was the day this project was first tested to see either if it will be a success or a failure. The moment the bomb was detonated is explained as follow: in a white blaze that stretched from the basin of the Jemez Mountains in northern New Mexico to the still-dark skies, The Gadget ushered in the Atomic Age. The light of the explosion then turned orange as the atomic fireball began shooting upwards at 360 feet per second, reddening and pulsing as it cooled. The characteristic mushroom cloud of radioactive vapor materialized at 30,000 feet. Beneath the cloud, all that remained of the soil at the blast site were fragments of jade green radioactive glass, all of this caused by the heat of the reaction.

It is also said by Mary Bellis, who wrote the article “History of the Atomic Bomb and the Manhattan Project” that a blind girl saw the flash 120 miles away.

Only twice have these atomic bombs been used. The first one was nicknamed “Little Boy” and on August 6th, 1945 it was dropped on Hiroshima. This killed 66 000 people in an instant while injuring 69 000 people.

“Fat Man” was the second one that was dropped over the city Nagasaki. This bomb leveled nearly half the city. With this bomb 39 000 were killed and 25 000 injured.

After the bomb hit Hiroshima

After the bomb hit Nagasaki

How People are Affected by Atomic Warfare

As if the explosion itself isn’t deadly enough, the destructive ability of this explosion doesn’t stop there. Other hazards are created by these atomic fallout’s. The rain that follows any atomic detonation is laden with radioactive particles. Even though some people were hundreds of miles away from the actual scene of the bombing, the radiation from the bomb caused mutation to the cells of people and caused severe damage to their health.

Cancer became a common disease for the Japanese after the atomic bomb hit. Not only did diseases start to effect these peoples lives, but also psychologically. Many of the survivors developed PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), these survivors were afraid of loud noises and bright lights. Because of this, many of them struggled to live a normal life.

Some of the other injuries that the people sustained from the blast, and the radiation effects are loss of hair, severe diarrhea, general fatigue, amnesia, lack of concentration, nausea, flash burns, cataracts and malignant tumors. Then there is cancer, especially lymphoma and leukemia, which is one of the greatest of afflictions that are passed on to offspring of survivors. Some of the after affects on the people and children that are born after that: mental retardation, small brain size, lower IQ, delayed development, blindness, spinal bifida and cleft palate.

The babies that were born after the bomb hit were born with undesirable fates, some of them were mutants, some developed life threatening genetic diseases as they grew older.

Because of these atomic detonations, it will affect the future generations of those who live through it. The stories that survivors have to tell are powerful and the images that they saw should never have to be seen by anyone else.

Images of people affected by Atomic Warfare and Experimentation

Images of the after affects of Atomic Bombs (Radioactive Particles)

Anti-Nuke Posters & Campaigns from Different Countries

These posters and campaigns are used to oppose the use of nuclear technologies. Major anti-nuclear groups include Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the Nuclear Information and Resource Service. There have been many large anti-nuclear demonstrations and protests throughout the world.

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